Juniper was valued by civilizations past as well as present day indigenous cultures as a protective agent, which banished things injurious to one's health when burned as an incense. It helps release positive properties into the air that serve to protect and purify.
Most loose herbs can be ignited by applying flame directly to the herbs and blowing on the lit area. Herbs and Resins may also be lit with the use of a charcoal wafer that is placed in the bottom of your smudge pot. Once lit, direct the smoke around yourself, another person, or in your place of ceremony by using a fan feather, or your hand.
Caution: Lit Herbs should not be left burning, while unattended and care should be used when extinguishing smoldering herbs.